THE SORROWFUL MYSTERIES I. THE AGONY OF JESUS IN THE GARDEN OF GETHSEMANE
Prophesied Isaiah 53:8,10-12 Oppressed and condemned, he was taken away; … smitten for the sin of his people. … Yet it was the will of the LORD to crush him in infirmity. If he gives his life as an offering for sin, … the will of the LORD shall be accomplished through him. … Through his suffering, my servant shall justify many, and their guilt he shall bear. … He surrendered himself to death.
Prefigured Genesis 37:8,27-28 “Are you really going to make yourself king over us?” his brothers asked him. … “Let us sell him to these Ishmaelites, instead of doing away with him ourselves. After all, he is our brother, our own flesh.” His brothers agreed. They sold Joseph to the Ishmaelites for twenty pieces of silver.
Mark 14:32-33 1) They came to a place named Gethsemane, and he said to his disciples, “Sit here while I pray.” He took with him Peter, James, and John, and began to be troubled and distressed. 14:34-35 2) Then he said to them, “My soul is sorrowful even to death. Remain here and keep watch.” He advanced a little and fell to the ground and prayed that if it were possible the hour might pass by him. 14:36-37 3) He said, “Abba, Father, all things are possible to you. Take this cup away from me, but not what I will but what you will.” When he returned he found them asleep. He said, “Simon, are you asleep? Could you not keep watch for 1 hour?” 14:38-40 4) “Watch and pray that you may not undergo the test. The spirit is willing but the flesh is weak.” Withdrawing again, he prayed, saying the same thing. Then he returned once more and found them asleep. They could not keep their eyes open.
Luke 22:43 5) To strengthen him an angel from heaven appeared to him. He was in such agony and he prayed so fervently that his sweat became like drops of blood falling on the ground.
Mark 14:41-42 6) He returned a third time and said to them, “Are you still sleeping and taking your rest? It is enough. The hour has come. Behold, the Son of Man is to be handed over to sinners. Get up, let us go. See, my betrayer is at hand.” Luke 22:47-48 7) While he was still speaking, a crowd approached and in front was one of the 12, a man named Judas. He went up to Jesus to kiss him. Jesus said to him, “Judas, are you betraying the Son of Man with a kiss?”
John 18:10-11 8) Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, drew it, struck the high priest’s slave, and cut off his right ear. … Jesus said to Peter, “Put your sword into its scabbard. Shall I not drink the cup that the Father gave me?” Matt. 26:53,55 9) “Do you think that I cannot call upon my Father and he will not provide me at this moment with more than 12 legions of angels?” … Jesus said to the crowds, “Have you come out as against a robber, with swords and clubs to seize me?” 26:55-57 10) “Day after day I sat teaching in the temple area, yet you did not arrest me. But all this has come to pass that the writings of the prophets may be fulfilled.” Then all the disciples left him and fled. Those who arrested Jesus led him away. THE SORROWFUL MYSTERIES II. THE SCOURGING AND ABUSE OF JESUS Prophesied Isaiah 53:5-7 He was pierced for our offenses, crushed for our sins; upon him was the chastisement that makes us whole, by his stripes we were healed. We had all gone astray like sheep; each following his own way; but the LORD has laid upon him the guilt of us all. Though he was harshly treated, he submitted and opened not his mouth, like a lamb led to the slaughter. Prefigured Jeremiah 26:10-11; 37:15 When the princes of Judah were informed of these things, they came up from the king’s palace to the house of the LORD and held court. … The priests and prophets said to the princes and to all the people, “This man deserves death; he has prophesied against this city, as you have heard with your own ears.” … The princes were enraged, and had Jeremiah beaten and thrown into prison. John 18:19-22 1) [Annas] questioned Jesus about his disciples and doctrine. … Jesus answered, … “Why ask me? Ask those who heard me what I said to them.” … When he said this, one of the temple guards standing there struck Jesus. Mark 14:61-64 2) He was silent and answered nothing. The high priest asked, … “Are you the Messiah, the son of the Blessed One?” Then Jesus answered, “I am.” … At that the high priest tore his garments and said, … “You have heard the blasphemy.” 14:64-65 3) [Caiphas asked,] “What do you think?” They all condemned him as deserving to die. Some began to spit on him. They blindfolded him and struck him and said to him, “Prophesy!” And the guards greeted him with blows. Mt. 27:2,12-14 4) They bound him, led him away, and handed him over to Pilate, the governor. … When he was accused by the chief priests and elders, he made no answer. … The governor was greatly amazed. Jn. 18:33,36-37 5) Pilate went back into the praetorium and summoned Jesus and said to him, “Are you the King of the Jews?” … Jesus answered, “My kingdom does not belong to this world.” … Pilate said to him, “Then you are a king?” 18:37-38 6) Jesus answered, “You say I am a king. For this I was born and for this I came into the world, to testify to the truth. Everyone who belongs to the truth listens to my voice.” Pilate said to him, “What is truth?” Luke 23:6-9,11 7) Pilate asked if the man was a Galilean; … he sent him to Herod. … [Jesus] gave him no answer. … Herod and his soldiers treated him contemptuously and mocked him, and after clothing him in resplendent garb, sent him back to Pilate. 23:14-18 8) [Pilate] said to them, … “Herod … sent him back to us. So no capital crime has been committed by him. Therefore I shall have him flogged and then release him.” But all together they shouted out, “Away with this man!” 23:21-22 9) They continued their shouting, “Crucify him! Crucify him!” Pilate addressed them, … “I shall have him flogged and then release him.” Jn. 18:39-19:1 10) “Do you want me to release to you the King of the Jews?” They cried out again, “Not this one but Barabbas!” Now Barabbas was a revolutionary. Then Pilate took Jesus and had him scourged. THE SORROWFUL MYSTERIES III. THE CROWNING WITH THORNS AND MOCKING OF JESUS Prophesied 1 Samuel 8:6-8 Samuel was displeased when they asked for a king to judge them. He prayed to the LORD, however, who said in answer: … “They are rejecting me as their king. As they have treated me constantly from the day I brought them up from Egypt to this day, deserting me and worshiping strange gods, so do they treat you.” Prefigured Jeremiah 15:10-11,15-16 A man of strife and contention to all the land! I neither borrow nor lend, yet all curse me. Tell me, LORD, have I not served you for their good? Have I not interceded with you in the time of misfortune and anguish? … You know I have. … Know that for you I have borne insult. … Because I bore your name, O LORD. Matt. 27:27-28 1) The soldiers of the governor took Jesus inside the praetorium and gathered the whole cohort around him. They stripped off his clothes and threw a scarlet military cloak about him. 27:29-30 2) Weaving a crown out of thorns, they placed it on his head, and a reed in his right hand. Kneeling before him, they mocked him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” They spat upon him and took the reed and kept striking him on the head. 27:31 3) And when they had mocked him, they stripped him of the cloak, dressed him in his own clothes, and led him off. John 19:4-5 4) Once more Pilate went out and said to them, “Look, I am bringing him out to you, so that you may know that I find no guilt in him.” So Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns. 19:5-6 5) [Pilate] said to them, “Behold, the man!” When the chief priest and the guards saw him they cried out, “Crucify him, crucify him!” Pilate said to them, “Take him yourselves and crucify him. I find no guilt in him.” 19:7,12 6) The Jews answered, … “He ought to die, because he made himself the Son of God.” … Pilate tried to release him; but the Jews cried out, “If you release him you are not a Friend of Caesar. Everyone who makes himself a king opposes Caesar.” 19:14-15 7) It was about noon. And he said to them, “Behold, your king!” They cried out, “Take him away, take him away! Crucify him!” Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your king?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar.” Matt. 27:24-25 8) [Pilate] took water and washed his hands in the sight of the crowd, saying, “I am innocent of this man’s blood. Look to it yourselves.” And the whole people said in reply, “His blood be upon us and upon our children.” Luke 23:24-25 9) The verdict of Pilate was that their demand should be granted. So he released the man who had been imprisoned for rebellion and murder, for whom they asked, and he handed Jesus over to them to deal with as they wished. John 19:19-22 10) Pilate also had an inscription written and put on the cross. It read, “Jesus the Nazorean, the King of the Jews.” … It was written in Hebrew, Latin, and Greek. … Pilate said, “What I have written, I have written.” THE SORROWFUL MYSTERIES IV. THE CARRYING OF THE CROSS OF JESUS TO GOLGOTHA Prophesied Isaiah 53:3-4,12 He was spurned and avoided by men, a man of suffering, accustomed to infirmity, one of those from whom men hide their faces, spurned, and we held him in no esteem. Yet it was our infirmities that he bore, our sufferings that he endured, while we thought of him as stricken. … Counted among the wicked, he shall take away the sins of many, and win pardon. Prefigured Genesis 22:6-8,13 Abraham took the wood for the holocaust and laid it on his son Isaac’s shoulders. … Isaac spoke, … “Where is the sheep for the holocaust?” Abraham answered, “God himself will provide the sheep for the holocaust.” … As Abraham looked about, he spied a ram caught by its horns in the thicket. So he went and took the ram and offered it up as a holocaust in place of his son. Mk. 15:15-6,20 1) So Pilate, wishing to satisfy the crowd, … handed him over to be crucified. … The soldiers led him away … and led him out to crucify him. John 19:16-17 2) So they took Jesus, and carrying the cross himself he went out to what is called the Place of the Skull, in Hebrew, Golgotha. Luke 23:26 3) As they led him away they took hold of a certain Simon; a Cyrenian, who was coming in from the country; and after laying the cross on him, they made him carry it behind Jesus. 23:27 4) A large crowd of people followed Jesus, including many women who mourned and lamented him. 23:28 5) Jesus turned to them and said, “Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me; weep instead for yourselves and for your children.” 23:29 6) “For indeed, the days are coming when people will say, ‘Blessed are the barren, the wombs that never bore and the breasts that never nursed.’ ” 23:30-31 7) “At that time people will say to the mountains, ‘Fall upon us!’ and to the hills, ‘Cover us!’ for if these things are done when the wood is green what will happen when it is dry?” 23:32-33 8) Now two others, both criminals, were led away with him to be executed. When they came to the place called the Skull, they crucified … the criminals there, one on his right, the other on his left. Matt. 27:33-34 9) When they came to … Golgotha, … they gave Jesus wine to drink mixed with gall. But when he had tasted it, he refused to drink. John 19:23-24 10) They took his clothes and divided them into four shares, one for each soldier. They also took his tunic, but the tunic was seamless, woven in one piece. … So they said, “Let’s not tear it, but cast lots for it.” … That is what they did. THE SORROWFUL MYSTERIES V. THE CRUCIFIXION AND DEATH OF JESUS Prophesied Psalm 22:1,8-9,16-19 My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? … All who see me mock me; … “He relied on the LORD – let him rescue him.” … My throat is dried up liked baked clay; my tongue cleaves to my jaws; … They have pierced my hands and my feet, I can count all my bones. … They divide my garments among them, and for my vesture they cast lots. Prefigured Numbers 21:7-9 The people said to Moses, “We have sinned in complaining against the LORD and you. … The LORD said to Moses, “Make a saraph and mount it on a pole, and if anyone who has been bitten looks at it, he will recover.” So Moses made a bronze serpent and mounted it on a pole, and whenever anyone who had been bitten by a serpent looked at the bronze serpent, he recovered. Mt.27:35-6,41-2 1) After they had crucified him, … they sat down and kept watch over him. … The chief priests with the scribes and elders mocked him and said, … “Let him come down from the cross now, and we will believe in him.” Luke 23:34-36 2) Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, they know not what they do.” … The rulers, meanwhile, sneered at him and said, “He saved others, let him save himself if he is the chosen one, the Messiah of God.” Even the soldiers jeered at him. 23:39-43 3) One of the criminals hanging there reviled Jesus. … The other … said in reply, “Have you no fear of God?” … Then he said, “Jesus, remember me.” … He replied to him, “Amen, I say to you, today you will be with me in Paradise.” John 19:25-26 4) Standing by the cross of Jesus were his mother, her sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary of Magdala. When Jesus saw his mother and the disciple there whom he loved, he said to his mother, “Woman, behold, your son.” 19:27 5) Then he said to the disciple, “Behold, your mother.” And from that hour the disciple took her into his home. Mark 15:33-34 6) At noon darkness came over the whole land until 3 in the afternoon. And at 3 o’clock Jesus cried out in a loud voice, … “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” John 19:28-30 7) Jesus said, “I thirst.” There was a vessel filled with common wine. They put a sponge soaked in wine on a sprig of hyssop and put it up to his mouth. When Jesus had taken the wine, he said, “It is finished.” Luke 23:45-47 8) Then the veil of the temple was torn down the middle. Jesus cried out in a loud voice, “Father, into your hands I commend my spirit.” When he had said this he breathed his last. The centurion … said, “This man was innocent beyond doubt.” Jn. 19:33-4,39 9) When they came to Jesus and saw that he was already dead, … 1 soldier thrust his lance into his side, and immediately blood and water flowed out. … Nicodemus … came bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes … about 100 pounds. Mt.27:58-60,66 10) [Joseph of Arimathea] went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. … Joseph wrapped it in clean linen and laid it in his new tomb. … Then he rolled a huge stone across the entrance. … They secured the tomb by … setting the guard.